This series outlines best practices for Guide managers who want to use the insights provided by Google Analytics to create the best self-service experience possible for customers.
Zendesk Support's own analytics are a great place to start. But let’s face it, Google knows a thing or two about analytics. The Google Analytics service it provides has tools for everything from search analytics to ticket-deflection tracking. You can use these tools to improve your self-service option and make it easier and faster for your customers to find answers.
This is the first article in the series. It outlines how to use Google Analytics to answer questions you may have as a Help Center manager responsible for providing an effective self-service support option to your customers.
- Getting started
- How many of my customers use self-service?
- How engaged are the customers who use self-service?
- Should I tailor my content for new or existing customers?
- Is my content relevant?
- Should I improve my site navigation?
- Should I optimize my Help Center for mobile devices?
The series will cover the following topics in the coming weeks:
- Part 1 - Asking the right questions - YOU ARE HERE
- Part 2 - Measuring the effectiveness of search
- Part 3 - Tracking customers' actions
- Part 4 - Fine-tuning Help Center
- Part 5 - Capturing Help Center user data
The series only scratches the surface of the things you can do with Google Analytics. There are plenty of resources to learn more. After you're finished here, another great resource is Occam’s Razor, Avinash Kaushik’s blog on everything web analysis and analytics.
Before you do anything, enable Google Analytics in your Help Center. See Enabling Google Analytics.
In your Google Analytics dashboard, navigate to Audience > Overview.
The Audience Overview page provides high-level metrics about users of your Help Center.
It’s important to measure if you're actually achieving what you set out to change, especially when you’re launching your Help Center. You can use the user metrics to track and trend how your customers are interacting with your Help Center. You can also gauge whether the updates you make to themes, navigation, or content actually improve the self-service experience for your customers.
The following sections describe how to use the Google Analytics dashboard to answer questions you have as a Help Center manager responsible for providing an effective self-service option to your customers.
How many of my customers use self-service?
Use this metric: Users.
Users is the number of unduplicated (counted only once) users of your Help Center over a specified time period. Zendesk Support’s Help Center analytics tracks the number of article and question views, but a customer may view multiple pages during a session. The Users metric counts each session as one session even if the customer views multiple pages. The information helps you understand how many of your customers are actually using your self-service offering.
Keep an eye on this metric over time to see trends. For example, which days get more Help Center users? Is the number of users increasing as your customers become more familiar with your Help Center?
You can take it a step further by calculating your self-service score. The self-service score is defined as the number of users who attempt to use content made available by the company to solve an issue, divided by the number of users that submit a request for an answer:
Self-service score = Total users of your help center(s) / Total users in tickets
To calculate your score, take the total users of your Help Center from Google Analytics, and divide it by the total unique requesters in tickets. Compare your score with the Zendesk Benchmark Report to see how you stack up against your industry peers. The average score for companies using Zendesk is 4.1, which means that for every four customers who attempt to solve their own issues using self-service, one customer submits a support request.
How engaged are the customers who use self-service?
Use this metric: Avg. Session Duration
Avg. Session Duration is the average duration of a session in your Help Center. It measures how much time on average a customer spends in your Help Center during one session. The metric is a good measure of the level of engagement when your customers are seeking self-service.
The average session duration depends on your use case and your customers. For example, the average session duration of B2C businesses in the retail and telecommunication industries may be shorter than B2B businesses that have customers with more complex questions.
Should I tailor my content for new or existing customers?
Use this metric: % New Sessions
% New Sessions is an estimate of the percentage of first-time sessions to your Help Center in the period selected. Knowing whether your customers are new or returning visitors can help you better tailor your content to meet their needs.
Often, the majority of sessions for B2B and internal use cases are returning customers. These customers are more accustomed to skipping through superfluous introductory content to get to the articles that answer their in-depth questions. If you know most of your users are returning customers, you can use your Help Center as another vehicle for delivering relevant news and announcements.
On the other hand, if you have a high number of new customers, you may want to tailor your content for users just getting started with your product or service.
You can also drill down in the % New Sessions metric by Help Center categories, sections, articles, or questions. Use the information to map the content that's used by first-time users and returning ones.
Is my content relevant?
Use this metric: Bounce Rate
One way to determine whether or not your content is relevant for your customers is by measuring the opposite -- how irrelevant is it? Bounce Rate is the percentage of single-page sessions in your Help Center. A "bounce" means the customer left the first page without engaging with the page.
Customers may leave after viewing only one page for different reasons. Maybe they couldn't find what they needed, or maybe the first page had everything they needed! How can you tell the difference? For articles, it’s completely acceptable and expected to see a high bounce rate. Customers may be finding what they need in the article and getting back to work. For "table of contents"-type pages that link to other articles, a high bounce rate could mean customers aren't finding what they're looking for.
In the Google Analytics dashboard, navigate to Behavior > Site Content > Landing Pages. The Landing Pages report lists the top pages your customers are landing on. Look for high bounce rates on "table of contents"-type pages, such as category or section pages. These pages tend to get a high number of sessions. If one also has a high bounce rate, consider making changes to it to improve information discovery.
Should I improve my site navigation?
Use this metric: In-Page Analytics
In-page Analytics lets you see the links users click the most on each page in your Help Center. The information can provide insights into your most popular content as well as uncover problems with customers not following links to your most important content.
Before you start, make sure In-Page Analytics is configured correctly:
- In Google Analytics, click the Admin tab at the top of the page.
- In the Property column with your Help Center selected, select Property Settings.
- For Default URL, make sure the default URL starts with HTTPS, not HTTP, if you have Help Center.
- For Default Website, make sure All Web Site Data is selected.
- In the In-Page Analytics section, select Start In-Page Analytics In > Full View Mode.
- Click Save.
To view the in-page analytics for a page
- In the Google Analytics dashboard, navigate to Behavior > Site Content > All Pages, then select the landing page that you want to analyze.
- Click the In-page tab on the upper side of the dashboard.
The page you selected loads in a separate window with an overlay of click data. You can essentially walk in your customers’ shoes by navigating through each page of your Help Center and seeing where your customers click and how frequently certain links get clicked. Example:
The information helps you better understand what customers are looking for and what they may be struggling to find. Typically, links and content placed higher on a page (known as "above the fold") get a higher percentage of clicks. Whenever possible, place links to your most important content above the fold.
For example, take a look at the Help Center of one of our customers, BetterCloud, below. BetterCloud customized their Help Center with eye-catching icons based on popular support topics. If for some reason the icons are getting a low percentage of clicks, there may be an issue with the relevancy of those topics.
In-page analytics is also a great way to test out a new design element or call-to-action. Looking at the BetterCloud example again, you can see they’ve included an upsell opportunity in the icon at the lower-right labeled “Upgrade to Enterprise”. By looking at the percentage of clicks the icon receives, BetterCloud can find out whether or not this type of call-to-action works in their Help Center.
Should I optimize my Help Center for mobile devices?
Use this metric: Pages per Session
Pages per Session is the average number of pages viewed during a session on your Help Center. While the overall number is an useful metric to pay attention to, it’s also interesting to look at the devices your customers use to access your Help Center. As customers grow increasingly mobile-savvy, you can look at pages-per-session through the lens of mobile device usage.
For a report that breaks out pages-per-session by type of device, navigate to Audience > Mobile > Overview in the Google Analytics dashboard.
Usually, desktop users have higher pages per session than tablet, and tablet have higher pages per session than mobile. If you notice a high number of customers accessing your Help Center using mobile devices, you may want to focus your resources on optimizing the navigation experience for mobile. Check out this tip of the week on using mobile CSS for responsive site design.